Adventures in Finds and Post Excavation

Kurt and Sandra are York-based UK archaeologists, each with over 30 years of experience in British archaeology. Contact them on

Kurt has worked on urban and rural archaeological sites of all eras, specialising in post excavation and the interpretation and publication of complex archaeology. Notable sites include Beddington Roman Villa in Surrey, Castleshaw Roman Fort, the post excavation and publication of Viking and Medieval Coppergate York, excavation of St Leonard’s Hospital York, the Headless Romans of Driffield Terrace, York, and the Community Dig at Ravenglass Vicus, Cumbria. Follow Kurt on Twitter @postexkurt

Sandra concentrates on the study of artefacts. Ceramic building materials (aka brick and tile) are her particular specialisation, and she is the author of many (mostly grey literature) reports concerning this important, but unglamorous, class of find. She has also developed an interest in local history, including gasholders, First World War VAD Hospitals and windmills.  Follow Sandra on Twitter @tegels



March- Kurt’s paper ‘The Roman main road to Chester and the civilian settlement in York’ has been published in York Historian, Volume 33, 2016. He is now writing up the small excavation that took place in Ravenglass in 2016, which he will then send to the local community. He is still working on the Roman deposit modelling project with John Oxley at the City of York Council.

Sandra has taken delivery of the brick and tile from a site in East Yorkshire. Research for the York VAD Hospitals continues.

February – Kurt is finishing off his Deposit Modelling York case study for forthcoming Historic England guidelines

Sandra is now working on an article about the York VAD hospitals. She will also be helping with the Waterproof Memories project on 24th-25th February

January – Kurt is just finishing his Roman Road article for York Historian.  Lesley Collett has kindly agreed to do the illustrations for this piece. Sandra is writing the text for the York VAD Hospital board for the Home Comforts exhibition at Castle Museum later this year. The board may be finished in time to be shown at the CBA Yorkshire Annual Symposium in February.


December – Kurt is working on his paper on the Roman Road in the Tanner Row area of York.  Sandra is still researching the First World War Auxiliary hospitals in York

November – Kurt is hoping to consult the evidence for the date of Wilmott’s excavation at Tanner Street/Brewer’s Arms, York. He is also completing a paper on York Deposit Modelling with John Oxley for the Historic England guidelines. He will be finishing an article about the Roman road in York’s Colonia for York Historian.  Sandra continues to research York’s first World War Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) hospitals for a display board, funded by YAYAS, that will be part of the ‘Home Comforts’ exhibition next year in York’s Castle Museum. She’s hoping for it be finished in time for CBA Yorkshire’s Conference in February 2017. She will also be preparing the King’s Manor site finds for deposition with the Department of Archaeology, University of York.

October – Kurt and Sandra will be going to consult the archives of the Museum of the Order of St John in London.  Kurt will be writing up September’s investigations in Ravenglass for the various interested parties. He is also involved in writing a York Deposit Modelling article with John Oxley for the proposed Historic England guidelines. In addition he will be starting an article about the Roman road in York’s Colonia for York Historian.

September- Kurt & Sandra went to Ravenglass for a week to undertake a small excavation in cooperation with some local residents, as well as investigating finds from the beach. Also reports for the small investigation at the University of York (site, finds CBM) was written and submitted. Sandra completed an evaluation for a site dug in Hull by AOC

August – Kurt continues to write up the University of York site whilst planning a return to Ravenglass. Sandra continues to research the VAD hospitals, now including the illusive Nunthorpe Hall hospital. And a trip to the Museum of the Order of St John, London, which holds lots of documents on the hospitals, is being arranged

July – Kurt is currently writing up a small site at University of York. Sandra is currently researching the First World War Voluntary Aid Detachment auxiliary hospitals at St Johns (Lord Mayors Walk) and Clifford Street, both in York. She is also recording the finds from King’s Manor

June 2nd & 5th – Kurt will be speaking at York’s Eboracum Roman Festival 1st-5th June. His talk, Romans lose their heads: an unusual cemetery in Roman York, will take place on Thursday 2nd June. Some of his theories are explored in Gladiators: Secrets of the Dead which was shown on UK tv a few years back, so this talk will be your chance to ask him questions face to face! His tour, In the footsteps of the legionaries: the Roman fortress at York, will take place on Sunday 5th June. 

May 16th – Sandra will be talking on the subject of ceramic building materials to the Friargate Community Archaeology Group

April-May – Kurt will be digging out in East Yorkshire with the Department of Archaeology of University of York

April – Kurt will be speaking at the Roman Finds Group meeting ‘Finds from Roman York, Brigantia and Beyond’ on 2nd April

March – Sandra’s CBM report for the Excavations at York Minster Library 1997 has just been published in a BAR volume

February – Kurt’s web report on Driffield Terrace can be downloaded in PDF format from here.  In addition, there is a selected small finds report from the site by Hilary Cool, which is available here.

January - The Headless Romans of Driffield Terrace York (dug by Kurt) have returned to public notice with an article about the skeleton’s DNA in Nature on its Nature Communications page (open access)


November  The Romans in Ravenglass final report is available from here.  Kurt had a major role in both the excavation and the publication about the fort’s vicus